The Egadi Archipelago, with the islands of Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo and the islets of Formica and Maraone, is the extraordinary synthesis of history and nature .
Many terrestrial and underwater archaeological finds, dated back to the Paleolithic era, testify the permanence of people coming from every corner of the Mediterranean, who contributed to the history of the Western world.
This is the largest protected marine area in Europe where large prairies of poseidon, as a large submerged tropical forest, provide a valuable habitat for the reproduction of many species of fish, a great variety of resident and migratory birds, extraordinary cetaceans, Caretta Caretta sea turtles and less sporadically the rare Monk Seal.
It is the largest island of the Archipelago: the small village, winding around the harbour, keeps beautiful buildings, such as Palazzo Florio and some Baroque churches. The island’s name is indissolubly linked with the traditional tuna fishing and processing: here you find the most important Mediterranean Tonnara (netting fence to catch tuna), an important element for the island’s economy since centuries ago. Nowadays it is a museum.
We can cross the island very easily by bicycle, as it is quite flat and largely made of tuff rock , a relatively soft rock traditionally used for construction.
Along the pathways we find the mouth of deep caves – partly dug by man, partly caused by the crumbling of soft rock – surrounded and covered by low bushes.