Seen from a distance, it is the archetype of the hilltop village, full of small houses perched along the slope.
The first, significant evidence of its urbanisation, date back to 1092, when Ruggero I (Roger I), in one official document, named it “Castrileonis“, i.e. Castle of the Lion.
The heart of every town is its square, so it is for piazza Lauria in Castiglione. On this beautiful central square, paved with lava stone, just where nowadays stands the auster Town Hall, people once kept their Peculio (main city wheat deposit) for their sustenance in case of food shortage.