Grammichele (Catania) rises again by will of Carlo Maria Carafa, the prince of Butera, a great scholar, patron and lover of arts and sciences. He laid the foundation stone of the new town a few weeks after the horrible 1693 earthquake that had completely destroyed Occhiolà, the village not far from there, whose ruins can still be visited.
Its beautiful hexagonal square, the heart of the city, is well-known and studied in the most important Schools of Architecture and by the most eminent urban planners, as well as the entire urban grid that radiates around it. A huge monumental bronze statue, a work by the Turkish artist Murat Cura, stands in the middle of the square. The sculpture, an integral part of a big sundial realized under the advice of Professor Giovanni Brinch, symbolizes Time and depicts a kneeling man enclosed within a series of circles as in an Armillary Sphere that traps him ineluctably in his time.
The plan of the city, called “ad exagonum”, was designed by the Prince himself, and carved by the architect Friar Michele da Ferla on a slab of slate which is still preserved in the Town Hall. Carlo Maria Carafa, looking after the population exhausted by the earthquake, laid the foundation stone of the new town during a great ceremony, attended by nobles and religious. It was April 18, 1693.
The large hexagonal square is overlooked by the Town Hall, designed by Carlo Sada in 1896, which keeps inside a precious small museum of Archaeology, and by the beautiful church of San Michele, whose construction was funded by the heirs of the Prince of Butera.